Biological Necessity In the passage, Mead argues that warfare is something that is invented. 525, 527, 531, 533). Just as the biological theory is contradicted by simple societies that don't fight, Mead wrote, so the theory of "sociological inevitability" is contradicted by simple societies that do fight. However, war can also be found among some primitives with horrible acts (p. That is, many conditions are sufficient for war to occur, but none are necessary.
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There would be fights, thefts of wives, murder, and sometimes even cannibalism that occurred among them. The original motivations for war's invention may have been those mentioned by Mead: conflicts between different groups over food, fertile land, women and status, perhaps driven by overpopulation. When societies organized by central political authority instead of kinship, then marked escalation in organized violence (p. Warfare is "an invention Mead concluded, like cooking, marriage, writing, burial of the dead or trial by jury. War is a natural part of the life of society, not a pathological condition (p.
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