of the remainder of this book will deal with the Renaissance outside Italy. In the wide ocean upon which we venture, the possible ways and directions are many; and the same studies which have served for my work might easily, in other hands, not only receive a wholly different treatment and application, but lead to essentially different conclusions.". A professor at the University of Basel, Switzerland, Burckhardt traveled through Europe, especially Italy, studying the art of the past and developing a keen insight into its cultural significance. If the scientific revolution is considered part of the Renaissance, and if Newton's Principia, published in 1687, is a culminating point in it, this would reinforce the idea that the Renaissance, at least in some places, continued until nearly the beginning of the eighteenth century. He translated the Hermetic writings into Latin. For one thing, in spite of examples to the contrary, the suspicion persists that conditions of freedom have something to do with the unfolding of human faculties. The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn, and Egypt, Greece, Rome, Gaul, Britain, America, lie folded already in the first man. For Burckhardt, Renaissance Italy did represent a distinctive epoch in the history of civilization though it is a gross misconception to claim, as has been done, that he was unaware of the importance of the Middle Ages. Man's character, made for perfection and nobility, can sink to depths of misery and degradation. The Gothic Revival had left England with some striking nineteenth-century imitations of medieval architecture, including the Houses of Parliament. This book was written in Italian, although Alberti could and did write also in Latin.
Although the disputation was never held, the Oration remains as a concise statement of some of his leading ideas, including his distinctive interpretation of the time-honored conception of the "Great Chain of Being.". The awareness of the uniqueness of each individual personality produced the numerous portraits of the period, which in many cases help us feel that we have gained real insight into the character of the subjects. The Dutch historian Johan Huizinga called it, "that transcendent masterpiece." The first three parts of the book are held to be especially good - readable and interesting, profound and philosophical. This point of view, which has been set forth by Professor Kristeller, does not exclude the likelihood that for many of them their religion did not always go very deep. Out of this background arose what we call Renaissance culture, not as a sudden change but, in most respects at least, as a natural evolution. A man is the whole encyclopaedia of facts. As we have had occasion to observe, he was a distinguished architect with a great influence on other architects, and he was a writer on artistic theory, the first great art theorist of modern times. In fact, the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries have come to be seen as the end of the medieval civilization, a period, in many respects, of upheaval and breakdown. Part Four: The Discovery of the World and of Man 1 - Journeys of the Italians 2 - The Natural Sciences in Italy 3 - Discovery of the Beauty of the Landscape 4 - Discovery of Man 5 - Biography in the Middle Ages and. Jakob Burckhardt Historian, the Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. The Florentine interest in Plato was stimulated by the presence of Greek scholars in the city for the church council in 1439 (See Chapter 2). Leonardo had himself intended to organize his notes into treatises on various subjects, but he never got around.
Burckhardt thesis renaissance